Dr Klaus Bung
© 2011 Klaus Bung
Lesson 4 of:
das Brot /das bRo:t/
Where is the bread?
Wo ist das Brot? /vo: ist das bRo:t/
in the Nile
im Nil / ?im 'ni:l/
The crocodile is in the Nile.
Das Krokodil ist im Nil . /das krɔ ko: 'di:l ?ist im 'ni:l/
you (familiar, singular)
you are (fam. sg.)
du bist /du: bist/
ein Schwein /ʔain ʃvain /
You (fam.) are a pig.
Du bist ein Schwein. /du: bist ʔain ʃvain/
You now have to get used to following the learning instructions of Lesson 3, without having them repeated for each exercise. Look in Lesson 3 if you have forgotten what to do.
im Nil /im 'ni:l/
Note the different pronounciation of the Egyptian river:
German "Nil" /ni:l/ Pronounced like the English name "Neill"
English "Nile" /na:il/
du /du:/ = "you" when you are speaking to one child or one good friend. This is called "the familiar form singular", the du-form. "familiar singular" is sometimes abbreviated to "fam.sg." For several children German and for talking to strangers, German has different forms, the "familiar plural" and the "polite form" respectively. For the time being we use only the familiar form. Do not use it when the Bishop or President comes for tea. And do not suggest that he resembles a pig, dog, camel or crocodile, even if he does, unless his name is Gaddafi and you are wearing full body armour.
Du bist ein Schwein.
Observe the glottal stop in "bist ein" /bist ʔain/.
Correct: /bist ʔain/
Wrong: /bis tain/
"das Problem" /das pro'ble:m/
In German you stress the last syllable, in English the first syllable. The /e:/ in "blem" is long.
English "problem" /'prɔbləm
German "Problem" /pro'ble:m/
If you have followed the instructions given above and in Lesson 3,
Listen to the Collected Words as often as you like.
You will do R1 of Exercise 4 (after 15 minues), R2 (after 60 minutes) and R3 (last thing tonight).
You can now turn to the next exercise, where you will learn more easy German words, more about German pronunciation, and you will get a first glimpse of PAPA-Preferred.
End of Lesson 4
© 2011 Klaus Bung
spare table for exercises