Dr Klaus Bung
© 2011 Klaus Bung
Lesson 1 of
Listen to the recording of Block 1 twice while looking at the script.
Sound file for Block 1
Practise Block 1 in writing with the Folding Paper method.
Treat Item 2 in the same way as Item 1.
Go to Item 3 and do the same.
Go to Item 4 and do the same.
You have now reached the end of the Block.
If all items were correct, you have mastered this block, in writing.
If you have 1 mistake or more, fold the paper so that your previous answers become invisible. Cover the block from the top and start again. Continue working on the block in this way until you have mastered it, i.e. not a single mistake in the block. Your target standard with the IDYLL® METHOD™ is always 100%.
Put the script aside. Download the scoring sheet and print several copies. Play the recording of the Block. Each item contains two pauses, a long pause after the question and a short pause after the model answer.
During the long pause, you try to say the answer aloud (you guess the answer). During the short pause, you repeat the model answer.
If you have guessed the correct answer, you place a dot into the corresponding cell on the scoring sheet. If your guess was incorrect, you do nothing.
When you have reached the end of the block, play the recording again from the beginning. Use the same column on the scoring sheet for each run through the block.
When you have at least three dots in each cell, you do a final test run. In a test run you use a fresh column. You place a tick for each correct answer. You leave a gap for a wrong answer.
Your target is to have only ticks in two consecutive columns, i.e. you want the whole block entirely correct (100% correct) TWICE RUNNING.
You have now finished Block 1.
Now read the Notes for Block 1.
"das" (= the) is an article.
"bed", "house", etc, are nouns.
We use the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to clarify pronunciation and to make you aware of the differences between English and German pronunciation. Many characters of the IPA are identical with the characters used in spelling. Other characters are different. All are easy to learn and very useful to know. Learn them properly from the start. We use / / to indicate that what we write is not normal spelling but IPA for sound. For normal spelling we use ordinary quotation marks.
The final "s" in "das" is pronounced like the "s" in English "sing". Linguists call this a "voiceless sound". In IPA this is written as /s/.
It is not pronounced like the "s" in English "has" or "is". Linguists call the "s" in English "has" or "is" a "voiced sound". In IPA this is written as /z/.
The vowel "a" in "das" is pronounced like the "u" in English "dust" /dast/. German "das" in IPA is written /das/, exactly as it is spelt. But usually the IPA notation of a word looks at least partly different from its ordinary spelling.
German "Bett" is pronounced exactly as English "bet". The vowel in English "bed" and "Bett" in IPA is written / ɛ / . Therefore "das Bett" is in IPA /das bɛt/
Read the non-displaying characters (in the squares) in the pdf file.
Now compare English "has" and German "das" in IPA:
English "has" /hæz/
German "das" /das/
The vowel "a" in German "Glas" is long. In IPA you mark a long vowel by placing a colon after it. Therefore: German "Glas" /gla:s/
the land, the country
Here is "das Lamm" in IPA /das lam/. You notice that the vowel "a" in the English word and the German word are pronounced differently. Compare:
English "lamb" /læm/
German "Lamm" /lam/
English "land" /lænd/
German "Land" /lant/
The IPA transcription makes you aware of all that. If you learn IPA and read our transcriptions carefully, you can never forget these differences.
Pronounce: "Kind" /kint/
Memory aid: English "kindergarten", literally "garden for children"
You already know all the IPA characters needed to write the sound of "Wetter":
German "au" is pronouned similar to the sound at the end of English "cow" or in the middle of English "house". In IPA this is written as /au/. This is a sound consisting of two vowels, starting with /a/ and ending with /u/. Such double sounds are called diphthongs. English has many diphthongs, sometimes even when in spelling there is only one letter. All diphthongs in German spelling are written as two letters.
English "cow" /kau/
English "house" /haus/
The first syllable of German "Auto" is written in IPA as /au/.
When you say "oh" in English, you are producing a diphthong, a glide from /ə/ to /u/. Therefore the sound of English "oh" is written in IPA as /əu/.
By contrast the sound corresponding to the German letter "o", e.g. in "Auto" is not a diphthong. It is a single long sound (linguists call it "close" because the tongue is close to the palate). This sound does not exist in English on its own, but you find it in Scottish dialects.
The "o" in German "Auto" is long. In IPA long vowels are marked by placing a colon after the long vowel. Therefore "Auto" is written in IPA /'auto:/
At the beginning of "Auto" is a "glottal stop", the sound made by cockneys instead of the "t" in "water" (wa'er) and "butter" (bu'er). You find this sound before all German words that begin with a written vowel. You have to remember that as a rule. In this course, we will not normally write the glottal stop, not even in our IPA presentation. Speakers of Arabic are very familiar with the glottal stop, and it is represented in their ordinary spelling through the letter hamza.
The glottal stop in IPA is /ʔ/.
You have to be aware of its presence because it prevents you from wrongly combining the sounds of two adjacent words.
Correct German is: /das 'ʔauto:/
The following would be wrong:
You have now mastered Blocks 1, 2 and 3. We now put them together into a standard IDYLL®exercise of 10 items.
We first do the written exercise. We apply PAPA-Basic (Pen And Paper Algorithm) to it. Your target is 10 items correct IN SUCCESSION. You do the exercise in writing from the beginning to the end (as specified above for Block 1) until you have reached the target standard. Even a single mistake means that you have to do the complete exercise again, calmly and consciously. In each learning session we continue working until we have achieved mastery, i.e. the 100% standard. The result will be that when we test for retention we can be sure to remember 90%. That is fun, useful and gives us a sense of pride.
We then do the spoken exercise. We apply LASPEX-Basic (Learning Algorithm for SPoken EXercises) to it. We use the same method as for Block 1 above. We continue using the same scoring sheet. Fill the scoring sheet with one exercise after another. Do not start a fresh scoring sheet for each new exercise. Date the scoring sheets and file them carefully when they are full. They will give you a sense of pride and achievement.
das Bett /das bɛt/
das Haus /das haus/
das Glas /das gla:s/
das Gras /das gRa:s/
das Lamm /das lam/
the land, the country
das Land /das lant/
das Kind /das kint/
das Wasser /das 'vasɐ/
das Wetter /das 'vɛtɐ/
das Auto /das 'ʔauto:/
When you have mastered the exercise (as specified above), you must make sure that you never forget it. REV, the Revision Algorithm, takes care of that.
You have keep a revision diary. Details are described on the website. You must make the entries immediately. This is part of learning. Any exercise which you do not enter into the revision diary will no doubt be forgotten. So always make the entry immediately after finishing an exercise.
To guarantee that you remember 90% of everything you learn, and to minimise the amount of time you need for this purpose and to ensure that you will never be frustrated, you have to revise every exercise 11 times, distributed by REV over 9 months. You have to do this not at random, not when you feel like it, but on the days prescribed by the Revision Algorithm.
We call the revisions:
R0 = initial learning (what you have just done)
You need not write R1, R2 and R3 into your revision diary. They are easy to remember without a diary. All other revisions have to go into your diary. Otherwise you will forget to do with them, and your previous learning efforts will be wasted.
R1 to R4 are as follows:
The following revisions are controlled by your Revision Diary.
You need a special diary, only for your revisions. You can not mix the revision entries with your other appointments.
The revision intervals are as follows:
(The Revision Diary is © 1967 and 2011 Dr Klaus Bung.)
Later in this course we will teach you how to use ENFA, the Enforcer Algorithm, which, like a blood hound, goes after the few items which are trying to escape from the REV procedure, and ensures that you cannot forget even a single item. You will be a master language learner. If you learn with the IDYLL® METHOD™, nobody can beat you.
We are now developing a computer program which calculates the revision dates for you and prints out your revision list for any given day. But even with such a program, there will be people who have no computer or who are travelling without one and who therefore will find it convenient, to keep a handwritten revision diary.
End of Lesson 1
Enjoy your German studies.
Viel Erfolg beim Deutschlernen.
© 2011 Klaus Bung